Asian elephants and people: Taking conservation beyond protected area boundaries. Fernando is chairman of the Centre for Conservation and Research, based in Colombo, committed to making elephant conservation a reality beyond the boundaries of protected areas. It has long been recognised that the Asian elephant is in trouble. Unlike for many species in decline, the cause for its predicament has been well understood from the outset: a dramatic increase in human population resulting in the occupation of former elephant territories, and the demand for ivory.
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Asian Elephant Conservation Fund
The Asian elephant Elephas maximus , also called Asiatic elephant , is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed throughout the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia , from India in the west, Nepal in the north, Sumatra in the south, and to Borneo in the east. Three subspecies are recognised— E. The Asian elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia. It is primarily threatened by loss of habitat , habitat degradation , fragmentation and poaching. Female captive elephants have lived beyond 60 years when kept in semi-natural surroundings, such as forest camps. In zoos, Asian elephants die at a much younger age; captive populations are declining due to a low birth and high death rate. The genus Elephas originated in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Pliocene and spread throughout Africa before expanding into the southern half of Asia.
'What can I do to help elephants?'
The Saint Louis Zoo is committed to helping save the Asian elephant in the wild. The species is in trouble. Asian elephants once numbered in the hundreds of thousands throughout most of Asia.
Asian elephants Elephas maximus are native throughout Asia, from India to Borneo. Slightly smaller than African elephants, a bull Asian elephant can reach 12, pounds when fully grown. They live in grasslands and tropical forests, feeding on legumes, palms and grasses. Asian elephants have traditionally been trained for use in harvesting timber and other agricultural activities and for transport, including in warfare.