Absence of integrin α3β1 promotes the progression of HER2-driven breast cancer in vivo
Congenital Malformation | beautiful A.B.C.
ICD Z The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD code s. The following references for the code Z A mastectomy is surgery to remove a breast or part of a breast.
Poland syndrome is a combination of chest wall deformity and absent or hypoplastic pectoralis muscle and breast associated with shortening and brachysyndactyly of the upper limb. Clinical presentation varies widely; therefore, reconstructive procedures have to be adapted to the deformity, ranging from chest wall stabilization or augmentation, dynamic muscle transfer, nipple and areola repositioning, and breast augmentation using prosthesis or autologous tissue transfer. Other congenital breast anomalies include supernumerary nipple and areola polythelia and breast polymastia , which can generally be found on the embryonic mammary ridge.
Amastia is a rare congenital condition characterized by the absence of breast tissue, nipple and areola. This may occur unilaterally or bilaterally. During embryological development, breasts first appear as ectoderm ridges during the 6 th week of gestation.